RCI Reports 1Q23 Results: Total Revenues $70.0M, GAAP EPS $1.11, Non-GAAP EPS $1.19
Twitter Spaces Conference Call at 4:30 PM ET Today; Meet Management at 7 PM ET Tonight
HOUSTON—February 9, 2023—RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. (Nasdaq: RICK) today reported results and filed its Form 10-Q for the fiscal 2023 first quarter ended December 31, 2022.
|Net Cash from Operating Activities
|Free Cash Flow*
|Net Income Attributable to RCIHH Common Stockholders
|Weighted Average Number of Basic & Diluted Shares Outstanding
* See “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.
Eric Langan, President and CEO of RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc., said: “1Q23 results were generally in line with our expectations as we launched our big, three-year growth plan for fiscal 23-25. Thanks to our loyal and dedicated teams for all their hard work and effort.”
“During 1Q23, a 21.4% year-over-year increase in Nightclubs operating income more than offset challenging comparisons in Bombshells. GAAP EPS and net cash from operating activities, and non-GAAP EPS and free cash flow, were affected by higher than anticipated repairs and maintenance capital expenditures that happened to occur during the quarter. Nonetheless, adjusted EBITDA increased 13.9% year-over-year, and we ended 1Q23 with $34.1 million in cash.”
“To continue with our mission of growing free cash flow and adjusted EBITDA in the years ahead, we now have numerous acquisitions and projects in development. These include our pending acquisition of the five Baby Dolls and Chicas Locas adult nightclubs in Dallas, Fort Worth and Houston; our exciting new Rick's Cabaret Steakhouse & Casino in Central City, CO; and new Bombshells in Alabama, Colorado, and Texas.”
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- Nightclubs: Revenues of $56.3 million and operating income of $22.7 million. 1Q23 revenues included $15.3 million from the 15 clubs acquired in FY22 and one of two clubs acquired in 1Q23, and a 23.4% year-over-year increase in higher-margin service revenues. Same-store sales also increased. Operating margin was 40.4% versus 40.1% in 1Q22 due to increased operating leverage from higher sales, partially offset by increased amortization of club licenses.
- Bombshells: Revenues of $13.4 million and operating income of $1.8 million. Revenues included $1.3 million in sales from the Arlington, TX, location (opened December 2021). Same-store sales declined.1 Operating margin was 13.8% versus 19.0% primarily due to reduced operating leverage compared with 1Q22, when the chain benefitted from an unusually favorable local market environment.
1Q23 Consolidated (Comparisons are to 1Q22 and % are of total revenues unless indicated otherwise)
- Cost of goods sold: 12.9% vs. 14.4% mainly due to increased higher-margin service revenues in the sales mix.
- Salaries and wages: Level at 26.7% vs. 26.7%.
- SG&A: 32.5% vs. 29.9% mainly due to non-cash stock-based compensation of $0.9 million and $0.4 million of repairs. Excluding these items, 1Q23 SG&A would have been 29.5%.
- Depreciation and amortization: 4.7% vs. 3.5% due to increased depreciable assets from newly acquired and constructed units and amortization of licenses from clubs at leased locations.
- Operating margin: 24.2% vs. 25.7% (level at 25.6% vs. 25.6% non-GAAP).
- Interest expense: 5.3% vs. 4.2%, primarily reflecting higher average debt mostly from seller-financed promissory notes from FY22 acquisitions.
- Income tax expense: $3.0 million vs. $2.9 million. The effective tax rate was 22.8% compared to 21.7%.
- Weighted average shares outstanding: Decreased 1.9% due to repurchases, partially offset by shares issued for clubs acquired in October 2021.
- Debt: $211.2 million at 12/31/22 compared to $202.5 million at 9/30/22. The increase primarily reflected financing for the acquisitions of Heartbreakers Gentlemen's Club; Lubbock, TX land for a Bombshells; and the Denver food hall.
The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic disrupted and may continue to disrupt our business, which has and could continue to materially affect our operations, financial condition, and results of operations for an extended period of time. All references to the “company,” “we,” “our,” and similar terms include RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc., and its subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
In addition to our financial information presented in accordance with GAAP, management uses certain non-GAAP financial measures, within the meaning of the SEC Regulation G, to clarify and enhance understanding of past performance and prospects for the future. Generally, a non-GAAP financial measure is a numerical measure of a company's operating performance, financial position or cash flows that excludes or includes amounts that are included in or excluded from the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. We monitor non-GAAP financial measures because it describes the operating performance of the Company and helps management and investors gauge our ability to generate cash flow, excluding (or including) some items that management believes are not representative of the ongoing business operations of the Company, but are included in (or excluded from) the most directly comparable measures calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. Relative to each of the non-GAAP financial measures, we further set forth our rationale as follows:
- Non-GAAP Operating Income and Non-GAAP Operating Margin. We calculate non-GAAP operating income and non-GAAP operating margin by excluding the following items from income from operations and operating margin: (a) amortization of intangibles, (b) gains or losses on sale of businesses and assets, (c) gains or losses on insurance, (d) settlement of lawsuits, and (e) stock-based compensation. We believe that excluding these items assists investors in evaluating period-over-period changes in our operating income and operating margin without the impact of items that are not a result of our day-to-day business and operations.
- Non-GAAP Net Income and Non-GAAP Net Income per Diluted Share. We calculate non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP net income per diluted share by excluding or including certain items to net income attributable to RCIHH common stockholders and diluted earnings per share. Adjustment items are: (a) amortization of intangibles, (b) gains or losses on sale of businesses and assets, (c) gains or losses on insurance, (d) unrealized gains or losses on equity securities, (e) settlement of lawsuits, (f) gain on debt extinguishment, (g) stock-based compensation, and (h) the income tax effect of the above-described adjustments. Included in the income tax effect of the above adjustments is the net effect of the non-GAAP provision for income taxes, calculated at 22.7% and 22.3% effective tax rate of the pre-tax non-GAAP income before taxes for the three months ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and the GAAP income tax expense (benefit). We believe that excluding and including such items help management and investors better understand our operating activities.
- Adjusted EBITDA. We calculate adjusted EBITDA by excluding the following items from net income attributable to RCIHH common stockholders: (a) depreciation and amortization, (b) income tax expense (benefit), (c) net interest expense, (d) gains or losses on sale of businesses and assets, (e) gains or losses on insurance, (f) unrealized gains or losses on equity securities, (g) settlement of lawsuits, (h) gain on debt extinguishment, and (i) stock-based compensation. We believe that adjusting for such items helps management and investors better understand our operating activities. Adjusted EBITDA provides a core operational performance measurement that compares results without the need to adjust for federal, state and local taxes which have considerable variation between domestic jurisdictions. The results are, therefore, without consideration of financing alternatives of capital employed. We use adjusted EBITDA as one guideline to assess our unleveraged performance return on our investments. Adjusted EBITDA is also the target benchmark for our acquisitions of nightclubs.
- Management also uses non-GAAP cash flow measures such as free cash flow. Free cash flow is derived from net cash provided by operating activities less maintenance capital expenditures. We use free cash flow as the baseline for the implementation of our capital allocation strategy.
About RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. (Nasdaq: RICK) (Twitter: @RCIHHinc)
With more than 60 units, RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc., through its subsidiaries, is the country's leading company in adult nightclubs and sports bars/restaurants. See all our brands at www.rcihospitality.com.
This press release may contain forward-looking statements that involve a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause the company's actual results to differ materially from those indicated, including, but not limited to, the risks and uncertainties associated with (i) operating and managing an adult entertainment or restaurant business, (ii) the business climates in cities where it operates, (iii) the success or lack thereof in launching and building the company's businesses, (iv) cyber security, (v) conditions relevant to real estate transactions, (vi) the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, and (vii) numerous other factors such as laws governing the operation of adult entertainment or restaurant businesses, competition and dependence on key personnel. For more detailed discussion of such factors and certain risks and uncertainties, see RCI's annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2022, as well as its other filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. The company has no obligation to update or revise the forward-looking statements to reflect the occurrence of future events or circumstances.
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1See our January 10, 2023 news release on 1Q23 sales for more details.